• Freight Industry Impact from Hours of Service Regulation Changes

    08/06/2014 — Matt Nagel

    Truck DriverThe transportation and logistics industry is regulated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) through the development and enforcement of safety regulations. One of these regulations is the Hours of Service (HOS) rules which dictate the working hours of anyone operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in the United States — this includes truck drivers.

    Last July the FMCSA made a ruling on HOS which altered provisions of the regulations. Changes that took effect in July of 2013 include:

    • The limiting of the maximum average work week for truck drivers to 70 hours, a decrease from the previous maximum of 82 hours.
    • Allowing truck drivers who reach the maximum 70 hours of driving within a week to resume if they rest for 34 consecutive hours, including at least two nights when their body clock demands sleep the most - from 1:00-5:00 a.m.
    • Requiring truck drivers to take a 30-minute break during the first eight hours of a shift.

    FMCSA HOS Regulations

    There are many reasons for these HOS changes, but the main reason is to combat accidents on the rise due to fatigue. The FMCSA cites increases in crashes due to fatigue the further a driver gets away from a break in driving. The FMCSA's goal is to obviously limit this statistic by inserting more breaks and limiting drive times.

    These rules have now been in effect for over 1 year and the influence of the ruling can be seen throughout the industry — impacting every transportation and logistics company as well as their customers.

    As you can imagine, one of the major issues that arose from HOS changes is that transit times are now longer. A shipper that is used to seeing a 625 mile next-day-delivery is now seeing that same shipment extended to 26 hours due to a 500 mile per 24 hours limitation change to the regulations. The increased transit times are leading to shipment pile-ups and congestion — a result of the changes that continues to snowball as time goes on.

    Another difference that customers are seeing is a bump in prices. With drivers spending more time off of the road than before, rates are escalating to offset that lost time and wages. These changes to HOS regulations, and their effects, are making shippers and carriers reexamine their processes and practices to stay as efficient as possible. Offsetting shipping industry changes and prices can often be achieved by working with a 3rd Party Logistics (3PL) company which brings administrative and financial efficiencies to businesses that otherwise lack the resources to negotiate with carriers and navigate the ever-changing world of logistics.

    If you're interested in learning more about the HOS changes, you can read more about them on the FMCSA website. There you can find a summary of HOS regulations, HOS FAQs, and a comparison of old and new HOS rules, among other resources. If you're interested in learning more about working with a 3PL partner, click the button below to download our free electronic white paper on the subject.

    Click to
  • Cross-Border Freight Shipping FAQs

    08/04/2014 — Matt Nagel

    Shipping to and from Canada can be intimidating for even the most experienced shippers. The good news is that cross-border shipping isn't as hard as you may think it is. The better news is that PartnerShip, your shipping connection, is here to help you every step of the way! Below are some frequently asked questions that we've compiled for your reference when you're gearing up to ship freight cross-border.

    What is PARS?

    The vast majority of LTL freight and truckload shipments to Canada clear at the border under a process referred to as Pre-Arrival Review System (PARS). PARS allows review with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) in advance of the freight's arrival. The PARS process speeds customs clearance and alleviates congestion at the border.

    What is a PARS number?          

    The PARS number is the common reference when setting up PARS clearance. The PARS number for all shipments will be the tracking number proceeded by the carrier's four digit carrier code.

    Can my shipment be PARS accepted and still be bonded or inspected at the border?

    Yes. Even though the shipment information has been sent via PARS and accepted by CBSA, Canada customs agents have the right to inspect a shipment.

    What is PAPS?

    The Pre-Arrival Processing System (PAPS) is the United States equivalent of PARS. PAPS allows customs paperwork for individual shipments to be processed before southbound freight reaches the Canada/U.S. border - facilitating the freight's entry into the U.S.

    Where will my shipment cross the border?

    Different carriers use different Canada/U.S. Custom gateway locations. Where your specific shipment crosses will depend on its origin and destination. Generally, carriers will list their gateway locations on their website and PartnerShip will use the most direct route for your shipment to meet your delivery expectations.

    How long can I expect the transit time to be on cross-border shipments?

    While there are occasional delays at the border, mostly caused by volume of traffic, transit times are rarely affected due to border crossings. So, based on the mileage, you can generally expect similar transit times as you would in the U.S. (i.e., <500 miles = 1-2 days, >500 miles = 2-3 days, >1,000 miles = 3-4 days, etc.)

    What forms and documentation will I need for my cross-border shipment?

    Getting your shipment across the border requires a bit more paperwork than your standard domestic shipping. Luckily, PartnerShip has compiled a list of documents you'll need when shipping from the U.S. to Canada. Those forms can be accessed on PartnerShip.com by logging in and visiting PartnerShip.com/ShippingForms.

    What is ACI?

    Advance Commercial Information (ACI) is a project of the CBSA. ACI requires that all commercial cargo entering Canada be electronically registered with the Agency prior to arrival at the border. The project's aim is to improve Canada border security and efficiency.

    What is ACE?

    ACE is a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) program that gives CBP and other participating government agencies the ability to access data throughout the international supply chain to anticipate, identify, track and intercept high-risk shipments at borders and ports. With ACE, carriers are able to file electronic manifests in advance of freight arrival at the customs check point for faster entry into the commerce of the U.S.

    How much do I pay shipping cross-border?

    As with shipping in the U.S., your actual freight charges will depend on many different variables, such as: commodity, weight, fuel, etc.

    The importer of record is normally billed by his/her broker for duties and taxes. The customs broker determines duty (if applicable) along with the appropriate taxes and reports those taxes to Customs on the client's behalf.

    Where can I get help to work out the details when shipping between the United States and Canada?

    PartnerShip is your shipping connection for U.S. as well as cross-border U.S./Canada shipping. Simply request a free freight quote on PartnerShip.com (click the button below) and our shipping experts will fill in the blanks and get your shipment where it needs to go.

    Get a free quote!

    Click to

Awards & Affiliations

Partner Name
Northcoast 99
Northeast Ohio Top Workplaces
Ohio Best Employer